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With the revolutionary changes that ICTs are bringing to our global society, institutions worldwide continue to develop more sophisticated ways to digitize its routines and practices so that they can offer to the public access their services in more effective and efficient ways. The ICT Standards and QoS Unit in RURA was set to assist the country in bridging the digital divide by advancing the use of ICT-based networks, services and applications, and promoting cyber security and build confidence in the use of ICT resources.

Pursuant to the law Nº 18/2010 of 12/05/2010 relating to Electronic Messages, Electronic Signatures and Electronic Transactions that was enacted in May 2010, Rwanda Utilities Regulatory Authority (RURA) was given the power to be the controller of certification authority (CCA) in Rwanda

The law provides for the Controller of Certifying Authorities(CCA) to license and regulate the working of Certifying Authorities. The Certifying Authorities (CAs) issue digital signature certificates for electronic authentication of users.

The certification authorities aim at promoting the growth of E-Commerce and E- Governance through the wide use of digital signatures. The Controller of Certifying Authorities (CCA) has established the Root Certifying Authority of Rwanda to digitally sign the public keys of Certifying Authorities (CA) in the country.

The CCA certifies the public keys of CAs using its own private key, which enables users in the cyberspace to verify that a given certificate is issued by a licensed CA. For this purpose it operates, the Root Certifying Authority of Rwanda.